Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia …
What a great verse!
The Parthians were a people who endured the most in the near east. It covered all of modern Iran, Iraq and Armenia, parts of Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan.
The Medes were again from modern day Iran. Their most famous astrologer-priests were the Magus (or Magi) and everyone knows the story of the wise men from the east.
The Elamites is in today’s southwestern Iranian province of Khuzestan. They possessed their own language which has proved largely indecipherable.
The people from Mesopotamia is modern day Iraq, Syria and Kuwait. There was a high degree of written language produced.
Those from Judea were of lower social status.
The Cappadocians were from central Turkey. There are still numerous 100 metre deep rock-face churches to be seen.
Pontus, the god of the sea, which could indicate the people were idol worshippers.
Asians are mentioned in the Revelation. In chapter 1: 4 John,
To the seven churches in the province of Asia:
Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne.
The so what?
God had brought together into His city people from nations who today have low Christian populations. They came and they witnessed the Spirit. He can do it again.
God had brought a mixture of people together. Those not educated and looked down upon and those whose written language was not very well known at all. The Spirit came on both. He can do it again.